Before install django-userena, you’ll need to have a copy of Django 1.2 or newer installed.
For further information, consult the Django download page, which offers convenient packaged downloads and installation instructions.
django-userena has not been tested on Python3 yet.
You can install django-userena automagicly with pip. Or by manually placing it on on your PYTHON_PATH. The recommended way is the shown in Automatic installation with pip..
It is also recommended to use virtualenv to have an isolated python environment. This way it’s possible to create a tailored environment for each project.
Automatic install with pip. All you have to do is run the following command:
pip install django-userena
If you want to have a specific version of userena, you can do so by adding the following:
pip install django-userena==1.0.1
Clone the Git repository from Github. Then you can direct easy_install to the setup.py file. For ex.:
git clone git://github.com/bread-and-pepper/django-userena.git cd django-userena easy_install setup.py
You can tell pip to install django-userena by supplying it with the git repository on Github. Do this by typing the following in your terminal:
pip install -e git+git://github.com/bread-and-pepper/django-userena.git#egg=userena
Clone userena with:
git clone git://github.com/bread-and-pepper/django-userena.git
You now have a directory django-userena which contains the userena application. You can add userena to your $PYTHONPATH by symlinking it. For example:
cd YOUR_PYTHON_PATH ln -s ~/src/django-userena/userena userena
Now userena is available to your project.
You need to make some changes Django settings if you want to use Userena in your project. This means modifying AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS, INSTALLED_APPS and optionally MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES.
Begin by adding userena, guardian and easy_thumbnails to the INSTALLED_APPS in your settings.py file of your project.
Next add UserenaAuthenticationBackend and ObjectPermissionBackend also in your settings.py file, from django-guardian, at the top of AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS. If you only have Django’s default backend, adding django-guardian and that of userena will get the following:
AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = ( 'userena.backends.UserenaAuthenticationBackend', 'guardian.backends.ObjectPermissionBackend', 'django.contrib.auth.backends.ModelBackend', )
Next, you need to create a new app on your Django project. In your Command Prompt shell, type: python manage.py startapp accounts. We are creating a new app for Userena titled ‘accounts’.
Next, add accounts to the INSTALLED_APPS in your settings.py file.
Userena uses the Django email facilities to send mail to users, for example after user signup for email verification. By default Django uses the SMTP backend, which may cause issues in development and/or if the default SMTP settings are not suitable for your environment. It is recommended to explicitly set the email backend provider in your settings.py. For example:
EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.dummy.EmailBackend'
To use GMail SMTP, you may use the following code in your settings.py:
EMAIL_USE_TLS = True EMAIL_HOST = 'smtp.gmail.com' EMAIL_PORT = 587 EMAIL_HOST_USER = 'firstname.lastname@example.org' EMAIL_HOST_PASSWORD = 'yourgmailpassword'
Userena needs you to define the profile that is used by supplying Django’s AUTH_PROFILE_MODULE setting. Userena supplies the following two base profiles for you that you should use for your own profile model by inheriting from them:
- Basic profile that supplies your user with mugshots and the necessary fields for privacy settings.
- Adds an extra field that lets the user define its preferred language after logging in to your site.
IMPORTANT: The above profiles are abstract models. This means that you cannot use them directly in AUTH_PROFILE_MODULE but you must create your own profile model which inherits from one of the above models. This models must also connect itself to the User model of Django.
from django.contrib.auth.models import User from django.utils.translation import ugettext as _ from userena.models import UserenaBaseProfile class MyProfile(UserenaBaseProfile): user = models.OneToOneField(User, unique=True, verbose_name=_('user'), related_name='my_profile') favourite_snack = models.CharField(_('favourite snack'), max_length=5)
If you want the user have the ability to choose their default language in their profile, you must add userena.middleware.UserenaLocaleMiddleware at the end of MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES in your Django settings. This does require a profile model which has a language field. You can use the UserenaLanguageBaseProfile class of userena that does this for you.
Userena has a URLconf which sets all the urls and views for you. This should be included in your project’s root URLconf.
For example, to place the URIs under the prefix /accounts/, you could add the following to your project’s root URLconf. Add this code under urlpatterns in your urls.py file.
This should have you a working accounts application for your project. See the settings for further configuration options.
Django-guardian requires you to set the ANONYMOUS_USER_ID setting. I always set this to -1. As noted before, you are also required to set the AUTH_PROFILE_MODULE to your custom defined profile.
For example, add the following into your settings.py file:
ANONYMOUS_USER_ID = -1 AUTH_PROFILE_MODULE = 'accounts.MyProfile'
To integrate Django with userena you should alter the following three settings to reflect the URI you have chosen for userena. For example, if userena lives under accounts:
LOGIN_REDIRECT_URL = '/accounts/%(username)s/' LOGIN_URL = '/accounts/signin/' LOGOUT_URL = '/accounts/signout/'
The above should supply you with a fully functional account management app for your project. You can look into the next chapter to fully customize userena to your likings.